Republican leaders in Washington have accused the Biden administration of abusing parole law, which they claim is intended for use only in exceptional cases.
Legislators from the Republican Party in Congress have demanded significant restrictions on the issuance of parole and political asylum in exchange for funding the southern border and military aid to Ukraine.
The White House and a bipartisan group of senators have agreed to impose strict limits on granting asylum and expand deportation powers as part of a potential compromise on border policy, while changes to parole remain a stumbling block. Nevertheless, both sides have indicated they may strike a deal this week.
Proposals being discussed by the White House and Senate include setting quantitative caps on parole issuance and prohibiting those who entered the country on parole from obtaining asylum to ensure they leave the US when their parole expires.
According to internal federal statistics as of January 18, 2024, over 1 million people have received parole under the Biden presidency, including:
– 422,000 under CBP One;
– 340,000 under the humanitarian parole for Haitians, Cubans, Nicaraguans and Venezuelans (CHNV);
– 176,000 Ukrainians under the U4U program;
– 77,000 Afghans under an identical program to U4U;
The parole law has existed since 1952 and gives federal officials the authority to allow foreigners into the US if they do not have visas. The law permits entry into the country if it serves humanitarian reasons or public benefit, but it does not give beneficiaries permanent legal status. Non-citizens who receive parole are allowed to live, work, study, receive health insurance and other benefits for a limited period (1-2 years).
Whether border crossing under CBP One and the U4U program will continue to be implemented is still unknown.